So will algorithms rid the hiring process of bias? Scholars warn that big data’s supposed objectivity can mask other biases built into the algorithms. Chelsea Barabas, a researcher at MIT’s Center for Civic Media, writes:
Decisions based on algorithms, are becoming “used for everything from predicting behavior to denying opportunity” in a way that “can mask prejudices while maintaining a patina of scientific objectivity.” These concerns are echoed by other scholars such as Kate Crawford, who has made incisive arguments against the claim that big data doesn’t discriminate against social groups ... The peril of these algorithms is that they mask deep seated biases behind the promise that the numbers “speak for themselves.”
Greece is a country with immense potential because of high quality assets due its rich history, culture, geographic location and human capital. At the same time it faces serious management and governance problems.
A couple of days ago I was lucky to participate in the Tech Marketing Show, sitting in a group of 5 spanish prophets together with Aquilino Peña, Rodolfo Carpintier, Cristina del Rey and Monica Deza...
...Lying on the operating table, they are probably not thinking about how market forces have shaped the performance of their medical team.
They should be. A recent study co-authored by Nicholas Bloom and Stephan Seiler, professors at Stanford University, demonstrates that competition among hospitals significantly improves management and quality of care. “If you live in a remote area with only one hospital nearby, you should be worried,” says Bloom. “Without competition, what’s keeping it on its toes?”...
To conduct the study, the researchers — who also included Carol Propper from Imperial College Business School and John Van Reenen from the London School of Economics — looked at counties in the United Kingdom featuring relatively large numbers of hospitals...
Professor Christakis, Professor Patrick Dunleavy, Dr Amanda Goodall, Professor Andrew Oswald will be discussing this topic further on Tuesday 21st October, 2014 at the LSE for the event Do We Need to Shake Up the Social Sciences? Follow the debate on Twitter at #LSEsocialsciences.
(born May 7, 1962) is an American sociologist and physician known for his research on social networks and on the socioeconomic and biosocial determinants of behavior, health, and longevity. He is the Sol Goldman Family Professor of Social and Natural Science at Yale University. He directs the Human Nature Lab, and he is the Co-Director of the Yale Institute for Network Science....
In 2009, he was named to the Time 100, Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people in the world. In 2009 and again in 2010, Christakis was named by Foreign Policy magazine to its list of top global thinkers..
In its annual Climate Change Vulnerability Index, the U.K.-based risk analysis firm Maplecroft lists the top 32 countries at “extreme risk” from climate change. The top 10 are all tropical countries: Bangladesh, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Nigeria, Chad, Haiti, Ethiopia, the Philippines, the Central African Republic, and Eritrea. Of these, all but Nigeria and the Philippines are on the UN’s list of the world’s 48 poorest countries.
The reasons that the poor living at low latitudes will bear the heaviest burdens of climate change are meteorologically, economically, and geopolitically complex, but they all arise from an inescapable statistical fact: normal temperature ranges in the tropics fall within a narrower range than those in more northern climes, and so any deviation is likely to have more significant effects.
“Summers in much of the tropics are already becoming systematically hotter than they used to be, affecting food supplies and contributing to heatstroke and death like we saw in India just this year,” says Susan Solomon, a professor of climate science at MIT...
McGill Professor Karl Moore takes you inside his CEO class that is an integral part of the McGill MBA experience. Each week, some of Canada's top leaders spend an hour with Karl discussing their paths to success, insights into the latest business trends, their advice to budding entrepreneurs, their work/life balance and more.
Karl Moore is an Associate Professor at the Desautels Faculty of Management at McGill University. He is an author of several books, contributor to Forbes.com, and has a weekly video column called "Talking Management" in the Globe and Mail. He was named one of the world's greatest business thinkers in a 2005 issue of the Business Strategy Review published by the London Business School.
Environmental impact of palm oil (Wikipedia) ...Significant greenhouse gas emissions. Deforestation, mainly in tropical areas, accounts for up to one-third of total anthropogenic CO2 emissions... ...responsible for over 80% (~88%) of world oil palm production, Indonesia and Malaysia... ...In 2010, the Nature Conservancy took representatives of America’s National Farmers Union and the American Farmland Trust to Brazil to see how illegal forest clearance was "hurting US businesses by flooding markets with cheap and unsustainable products". A new (2010) report from David Gardiner & Associates (Mr. Gardiner served as the Executive Director of the White House Climate Change Task Force during the Clinton Administration), a consultancy, says that protecting the 13,000,000 hectares (50,000 sq mi) of mostly tropical forest that are lost annually to timber, cattle and agricultural production would boost American agricultural revenue by as much as USD$190 billion-270 billion between 2012 and 2030. (PDF, 56 pages, "Farms Here, Forests there" (see page 20 Palm Oil Modeling Results: potential $USD 40B savings))
Conclusion of "Farms Here, Forests there" Conserving tropical rainforests generates significant financial gains and savings for the U.S. agriculture and timber industries, while also increasing opportunities for residents of rainforest nations.
Taking action with our suppliers The supply chain of palm oil is very complex and there are no quick and easy solutions. We have conducted an in depth analysis of our supply chain in order to create transparency and detailed action plans. Read more about the complexity of the palm oil supply chain in the RSPO Supply Chain Systems Overview (pdf, 3.95Mb)..."
In response to the urgent and pressing global call for sustainably produced palm oil, the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) was formed in 2004 with the objective promoting the growth and use of sustainable oil palm products through credible global standards and engagement of stakeholders. The seat of the association is in Zurich, Switzerland, while the secretariat is currently based in Kuala Lumpur with a satellite office in Jakarta. RSPO is a not-for-profit association that unites stakeholders from seven sectors of the palm oil industry - oil palm producers, palm oil processors or traders, consumer goods manufacturers, retailers, banks and investors, environmental or nature conservation NGOs and social or developmental NGOs - to develop and implement global standards for sustainable palm oil...
The Palm Oil Buyers’ Scorecard 2011 measures the performance of 132 major retailers and consumer goods manufacturers against 4 areas which show whether these companies are acting responsibly.
The Scorecard focuses on European companies, since they are leading the way in transforming the market for palm oil, and were the first to commit to the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). However, it also looks at other markets such as Australia and Japan where some progress is being made.
...In 2008 Unilever, an RSPO member, committed to use only palm oil which is certified as sustainable, by ensuring that the large companies and smallholders that supply it convert to sustainable production by 2015. ...As of 2009, twelve companies including giant retailer X, tied for worst, scoring 0.
It’s not cost that stop consumers from buying according to their conscience. It’s simply a lack of clear information on the product label.
Research from Melbourne Business School (MBS) has found that if a product clearly reflects factors which impact ethical consumerism on its label, consumers will favour that product over others.
As a result of her research in this area, MBS Professor Jill Klein is calling for manufacturers to improve their labeling to provide consumers with a more informed choice and to increase sales.
Professor Klein based her research on a series of experiments performed at the Melbourne Zoo between April and June last year. Zoo visitors were asked to select between a food product that did not contain the orangutan-unfriendly palm oil and a virtually equivalent alternative that contained vegetable oil...
It is technically and economically feasible to run the US economy entirely on renewable energy, and to do so by 2050. That is the conclusion of a new study in the journal Energy & Environmental Science, authored by Stanford scholar Mark Z. Jacobson and nine colleagues.
Jacobson is well-known for his ambitious and controversial work on renewable energy. In 2011 he published, with Mark A. Delucchi, a two-part paper (one, two) on "providing all global energy with wind, water, and solar power." In 2013 he published a feasibility study on moving New York state entirely to renewables, and in 2014 he created a road map for California to do the same...
The business has come a long way in just four years. Isono was on the shortlist for both the 2014 EY Entrepreneur of the Year in Japan and EY job creation award, and runs one of the fastest growing companies in his sector.
By 2017 he plans on having developed 1,000 MW of renewable energy power plants. The firm is expanding as well, both into new energy sources, such as wind, hydro energy and biomass, and internationally.
A more effective use of activists’ energy, Mr. Wolak (Dir..@Stanford) and Mr. Stavins (Dir..@Harvard) said, would be to work on putting a price on carbon emissions through a carbon tax or a cap-and-trade system. (versus Divestment campaigns etc.)
The most exhaustive study on the subject was conducted by researchers at Oxford, Mr. Caldecott among them. Their report, published in late 2013, examined previous divestment movements — like those against the government of South Africa in protest of apartheid, and against companies that sell tobacco, alcohol or pornography.
That’s largely because most energy company stock is held by big institutional investors like BlackRock and Fidelity, whose managers are unlikely to use their portfolios to advance moral or social agendas.
Divestment in itself is neither here nor there,” Atif Ansar, one of the study’s authors and a professor at Saïd Business School at Oxford, said in an interview. “On its own, it’s not going to generate any real impact.”
The Oxford researchers found that the negative publicity can create reputational headaches.
“It becomes much harder for stigmatized businesses to recruit good people, to influence policy and, occasionally, to raise capital,” Mr. Caldecott said.
A more effective use of activists’ energy, Mr. Wolak and Mr. Stavins said, would be to work on putting a price on carbon emissions through a carbon tax or a cap-and-trade system.
Mark Z. Jacobson and colleagues show that it's technically possible for each state to replace fossil fuel energy with entirely clean, renewable energy.
By Bjorn Carey
Stanford Professor Mark Z. Jacobson and other researchers have calculated how to meet each state's new power demands using only the renewable energies of wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, and tiny amounts of tidal and wave available to each state. (Vaclav Volrab / Shutterstock)
One potential way to combat ongoing climate change, eliminate air pollution mortality, create jobs and stabilize energy prices involves converting the world's entire energy infrastructure to run on clean, renewable energy.
This is a daunting challenge. But now, in a new study, Mark Z. Jacobson, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Stanford, and colleagues, including U.C. Berkeley researcher Mark Delucchi, are the first to outline how each of the 50 states can achieve such a transition by 2050. The 50 individual state plans call for aggressive changes to both infrastructure and the ways we currently consume energy, but indicate that the conversion is technically and economically possible through the wide-scale implementation of existing technologies.
"The main barriers are social, political and getting industries to change. One way to overcome the barriers is to inform people about what is possible," Jacobson said. "By showing that it's technologically and economically possible, this study could reduce the barriers to a large scale transformation."
The study is published in the online edition of Energy and Environmental Sciences. An interactive map summarizing the plans for each state is available at www.thesolutionsproject.org.
“A good book is one whose advice you believe. A great book is one whose advice you follow. I have found Carol Dweck’s work on mindsets invaluable in my own life, and even life-changing in my attitudes toward the challenges that, over the years, become more demanding rather than less. This is a book that can change your life, as its ideas have changed mine.”—Robert J. Sternberg, previously the IBM Professor of Education and Psychology at Yale University, director of the PACE Center of Yale University, and author of Successful Intelligence
Dweck has primary research interests in motivation, personality, and development. She teaches courses in Personality and Social Development as well as Motivation. Her key contribution to social psychology relates to implicit theories of intelligence, per her 2006 book Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. According to Dweck, individuals can be placed on a continuum according to their implicit views of where ability comes from. Some believe their success is based on innate ability; these are said to have a "fixed" theory of intelligence (fixed mindset). Others, who believe their success is based on hard work, learning, training and doggedness are said to have a "growth" or an "incremental" theory of intelligence (growth mindset).
Individuals may not necessarily be aware of their own mindset, but their mindset can still be discerned based on their behavior. It is especially evident in their reaction to failure. Fixed-mindset individuals dread failure because it is a negative statement on their basic abilities, while growth mindset individuals don't mind or fear failure as much because they realize their performance can be improved and learning comes from failure. These two mindsets play an important role in all aspects of a person's life. Dweck argues that the growth mindset will allow a person to live a less stressful and more successful life.