Authors: Christopher R. Huber and Nathan R. Kuncel, both of the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities
Publication:Review of Educational Research, a journal of the American Educational Research Association
Summary: Educators, policy makers, and employers all want colleges to teach students critical-thinking skills, but are colleges succeeding in doing so? To answer that question, the study’s authors analyzed 71 research reports published over the past 48 years.
A similar economic impact assessment of University College Dublin launched last May showed the university and its students generate an annual economic impact of €1.3 billion in Ireland, and support about 9,000 jobs.
If we choose to attack our opponents before we’ve taken the time to understand them if we prefer denunciations to genuine dialogue … if we seek political victory rather than constructive compromise we will not be able to find solutions to the problems before us. This is the soul-searching plea of today’s idealistic guest. Father John Jenkins is president of the University of Notre Dame. Reverend, professor of philosophy, and a member of the Commission on Presidential Debates. Jenkins celebrates his tenth year at the helm of the university.
EUIMA “Collaborative research” was a two-year project which contributed to the development of monitoring tools and indicators for the assessment of university-based collaborative research. In addition, the project aimed at identifying the necessary requirements and adjustments that universities needed to make in terms of human resource profiles (researchers, managers, etc.) to take forward and support the development of collaborative research and increase the attractiveness of university careers, both in research and in managing the partnership.
The project built on experience from previous and current EUA work looking at building strong relationships between universities and industry for doctoral education and the professional insertion of PhD holders (DOC-CAREERS & the current project DOC-CAREERS II) as well as at the exchange of best practice in collaborative research through the Responsible Partnering Initiative. Following the EUA study “Regions of Knowledge”, the project also addressed the specificities of regional contexts.
In his 1961 inaugural address, President John F. Kennedy said “Ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.” (YouTube)
Similarly, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Chief Learning Officer Trina Shields, née Greer, asks the leaders and employees inside and outside of her organization not what learning can do for them but what they can do to promote each other’s growth and development.
To do so and remain under budget, the department had to look outside. Shields created “Higher Education @ Work,” a partner model that connected HHS with 22 universities. Instead of relying solely on departmental programs, employees can access certification and degree programs with tuition discounts. This eases HHS learning delivery costs and increases the level of education its workforce can receive.
“Most agencies were afraid to ask universities for savings and discounts,” Shields said.
It is unethical and untenable for universities, that seek to advance global development and health, to invest in the fossil fuels that cause climate change, say a group of 2,000 researchers at Academics Stand Against Poverty (Wikipedia)
That statement from, Academics Stand Against Poverty (Asap) – a global group of about 2,000 researchers who study poverty and development– urges universities to follow the lead of institutions like Stanford, Syracuse and Glasgow that have all committed to divest from fossil fuel holdings.
Voilà pourquoi il faut une économie où on peut facilement créer de nouveaux secteurs, démarrer de nouvelles choses, car c’est cela qui compense les destructions d’emplois dans les secteurs devenus obsolètes. Mais pour cela, il faut à la fois de la flexibilité sur le marché des biens et services et sur le marché du travail, un système de formation qui permettent a tout moment aux individus de facilement rebondir d’un emploi à un autre, et des structures d’incubation où interagissent en permanence chercheurs universitaires, entreprises innovantes, et financiers de l’innovation.
If nations want even a 50 percent chance of avoiding dangerous global warming, they’ll need to keep more than 80 percent of current coal reserves in the ground. And in the United States, more than 90 percent of coal reserves would need to stay buried, according to a new study from University College London.
...In this new paper, published Wednesday by the journal Nature, researchers tighten the focus of this global carbon budget by breaking the global numbers into regional ones...
...In the Middle East, producers would have to forego 38 percent of their oil and 61 percent of their gas. China and India would close off 66 percent of their coal. Former Soviet states would keep 94 percent of their coal underground...
And, unfortunately, that’s the good news.
...The above estimates assume that power plants and industry will be able to capture and hide much of their carbon dioxide beginning in 2025. Without that rosy assumption, idled coal reserves jump to 95 percent in the U.S., 77 percent in China and India, and 97 percent in the former U.S.S.R. And these numbers may be the safer bet
Are economists superfluous? Since the last financial crisis a debate has raged as to whether economists still have much relevant insight to offer citizens and politicians alike. Even German Chancellor Angela Merkel recently called upon economists at the meeting of Nobel laureates in Lindau to deliver more practical recommendations to policymakers and to revise their conceptual structure of what is described as economic success. Economics is now in the defensive, in a predicament of its own doing.
The criticism is paradoxical. Economics still is hugely influential: most public policy—ranging from employment to social policy, from environmental to resource policy, from monetary to fiscal policy or health policy—is firmly based on mainstream economic assumptions. The way in which most economic phenomena—inflation, unemployment, growth, inequality, etc.—are treated in the media and public discussion also relies implicitly on the paradigms to be found in economics textbooks.
In response to this paradox—widespread dissatisfaction with economics and widespread dependence on mainstream economic thinking—I claim that economics needs to change in one profound way: the domain of “economics” must change, that is, the content of what is considered to be economics must be redefined...
The Kiel Institute for the World Economy (Institut für Weltwirtschaft, IfW) is an economics research center and a think tank that is located in Kiel, Germany. In 2013, it was ranked as one of the top 20 research centers in the world for International Trade and one of the top four think tank in the world for economic policy. With more than four million publications in printed or electronic format and subscriptions to 31,970 periodicals and journals, the Institute has the world's largest specialist library for economics.
Opinion: The importance of acting now cannot be overstated: every euro spent on fossil fuels today condemns parts of the world to hurricanes, drought and infectious diseases
The meeting of the European Council – the gathering of the EU member states – in Brussels on Thursday and Friday will lead to a decision that will have far-reaching consequences. The summit is expected to see the adoption of a new framework for Europe’s climate and energy policy, including a set of targets for 2030 to cut our greenhouse gas emissions, boost renewable energy use and reduce overall energy use. These pledges matter, for Europe and the international community.
Mary Robinson, former president of Ireland, is the United Nations secretary-general’s special envoy on climate change and a member of the European Climate Foundation’s advisory board
Business education needs to be more integrated, more interdisciplinary and more oriented towards thinking about the bigger “system-level” picture. A second order level of thinking is required. Moving beyond the direct relationship between action and value, business schools must offer education that addresses the complex systemic challenges we are all facing.
New organisational forms have evolved in Europe. My own organisation, Climate-KIC, is Europe’s largest public-private partnership with more than 230 partners drawn from prestigious universities, research institutions, blue-chips and SMEs. The EU created the KICs to address the innovation challenge of Europe and make existing models obsolete. These organisations are creating new knowledge and will be a stimulus for business schools to evolve and change.
Prompted by the 20th anniversary of Investing in Health, the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report (WDR 1993), an independent commission of 25 renowned economists and global health experts from around the world came together from December 2012 to July 2013 to revisit the case for health investment. The commission was chaired by Lawrence Summers, the Chief Economist at the World Bank responsible for choosing global health as the focus of WDR 1993, and co-chaired by Dean Jamison, lead author of WDR 1993. The commissioners aimed to reconsider the recommendations of WDR 1993; examine how the context for health investment has changed in the past 20 years, and develop an ambitious forward-looking health policy agenda targeting the world's poor populations.
All German Universities will be free of charge as of this year...
Andrei's background is in geophysics, and he published his first scientific paper when he was still an undergrad; now, his main focus is on how geology and geophysics can be applied to understand and protect the environment. Feeling that there is a gap between scientists and the general audience, he started ZME Science - and the results are what you see today.
Universities across four continents are rolling out a revamped economics curriculum, after students protested that conventional academic courses failed to grapple with the problems befalling the global economy.
Since the financial crisis, student groups have attacked economics departments for failing to deal with the world’s most pressing social issues, including inequality and global warming. They have also criticised professors’ reluctance to teach a range of economic theories, with courses instead focusing on neoclassical models which they claim do little to explain the 2008 meltdown.
The protest has won the backing of prominent economists, including Joseph Stiglitz, a Columbia University academic, and Andy Haldane, chief economist at the Bank of England. Its supporters believe that the exposure to a wider range of approaches is necessary if the next generation of policy makers is to avoid the mistakes made in the run-up to the crisis.
Faculties in London, Paris, New York, Boston, Budapest, Sydney and Bangalore will aim to address these complaints this academic year by road-testing a new syllabus from the CORE project, led ...
SAN FRANCISCO (June 4, 2013) - The University of San Francisco (USF) announced today that it has selected the San Francisco Free Clinic to receive the 2013 University of San Francisco California Prize for Service and the Common Good. Focused on community wellness, the San Francisco Free Clinic provides free, accessible medical treatment to those without health insurance, while also advancing the field of primary care by providing educational opportunities for future medical practitioners
"At a time when we are questioning the ROI of universities, this book pulls back the covers to help everyone understand the critical roles that these institutions can play in our economy. Ease of navigation and transparency are lessons that all universities should take seriously. This book underscores why the implementation of those ideals is not for the faint of heart."—Lesa Mitchell, Vice President, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation
Today, universities around the world find themselves going beyond the traditional roles of research and teaching to drive the development of local economies through collaborations with industry. At a time when regions with universities are seeking best practices among their peers, Shiri M. Breznitz argues against the notion that one university’s successful technology transfer model can be easily transported to another. Rather, the impact that a university can have on its local economy must be understood in terms of its idiosyncratic internal mechanisms, as well as the state and regional markets within which it operates
To illustrate her argument, Breznitz undertakes a comparative analysis of two universities, Yale and Cambridge, and the different outcomes of their attempts at technology commercialization in biotech. By contrasting these two universities—their unique policies, organizational structure, institutional culture, and location within distinct national polities—she makes a powerful case for the idea that technology transfer is dependent on highly variable historical and environmental factors. Breznitz highlights key features to weigh and engage in developing future university and economic development policies that are tailor-made for their contexts.
But a new list from PitchBook shows that a college education isn’t always a hindrance to launching a high-growth company, especially if you attend Stanford University. The California-based private college has once again topped PitchBook’s Top Universities for VC-backed Entrepreneurs. The research firm reviewed its venture-capital database of more than 13,000 founders and ranked each school by the number of graduates who went on to launch venture-backed companies over five years ending August 2014. It also calculated the total number of startups founded by a college’s alumni and total capital raised from each institution.
Stanford alumni led the pack with 378 founders. PitchBook counts a total of 309 companies originating from Stanford grads, all raising a total of $3.5 billion in venture capital.
APERHU y CENTRUM Católica, ambos líderes indiscutibles en gestión de personas, proponen al país una mirada hacia afuera, para conocer las mejores prácticas en el mundo sobre la gestión de personas, y una mirada hacia adentro, para evaluar lo que sucede en el país y obtener una propuesta que logre en nuestras empresas laboralmente responsables el éxito esperado.
Te esperamos este 4 y 5 de setiembre en la 23° edición del Congreso de Gestión de Personas enCENTRUM Católica (Jr.Daniel Alomía Robles 125, Los Álamos de Monterrico – Surco).
Público general: S/. 2,220
Corporativo (a partir de 3 ejecutivos de una misma empresa): S/.1, 800
Socios de APERHU: S/. 1,690
CENTRUM Católica (Jr. Daniel Alomía Robles 125, Los Álamos de Monterrico – Surco)
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Florida is currently a professor and head of the Martin Prosperity Institute at the Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto (not the author of the IMF report)
Pinning down the precise relationship between growth and inequality is a challenge. Some studies reckon inequality is mildly bad for growth. Others suggest the relationship changes as poor countries grow rich, while still others reckon it is the trend in inequality rather than its level that matters.
Research by economists at the International Monetary Fund aims to add clarity to the debate. In a 2011 paper Andrew Berg and Jonathan Ostry argued that it is the duration of spells of growth that is most important for long-run economic performance: getting an economy growing in the first place is much easier than keeping the growth spell rolling. They reckon that when growth falters, inequality is often a culprit. Latin America’s Gini index is about 50, well above that in emerging Asia, which has a Gini of about 40. (A Gini index is a measure of income concentration that ranges from 0, representing perfect equality to 100, where all income flows to a single person.) Were Latin America to close half of that gap in inequality, its typical growth spurt might last twice as long, on average.
Others reckon that it may not be inequality itself that harms growth but rather governments that tax and spend to try to reduce it. In a new paper Messrs Berg and Ostry and Charalambos Tsangarides tease out the separate effects of inequality and redistribution. They turn to a data set put together by Frederick Solt, a political scientist at the University of Iowa, containing Gini indices for 173 economies spanning a period of five decades. Mr Solt provides Ginis for both market income and net income (after taxes and transfers). The difference between the two gives the authors a measure of redistribution (see chart). In America, which does relatively little of it, redistribution trims the Gini index by roughly ten points. In Sweden, in contrast, it cuts the Gini by 23 points—more than half. Using these figures, the economists can separate out the different effects of redistribution and inequality on growth.
Up to a point, spreading the wealth around carries no growth penalty: growth in income per person is not meaningfully lower in countries with more redistribution. But economies that redistribute a lot may enjoy shorter growth spells, the authors reckon. When the gap between the market and net Ginis is 13 points or more (as in much of western Europe) further redistribution shrinks the typical expansion. The authors caution against drawing hasty conclusions. Details surely matter; nationalising firms and doling out profits would presumably be worse for growth than taxing property to fund education.
Inequality is more closely correlated with low growth...
SWEDEN continues to be one of the countries others look to for an answer to this fundamental question of our times: how can a country successfully combine increasing prosperity with a relatively egalitarian distribution?
For a period of about 100 years, from 1870 to 1970, Sweden managed to combine a wealth-generating capitalist economy with increasing equality. This remarkable development has led to the common misunderstanding that Sweden somehow shows that socialism can work. As I document in a new book, Sweden was not very socialist when prosperity accelerated. Swedish taxes were as low as those in the US (or even lower) until around 1960. It would be more correct to use Sweden as an example of how capitalism fosters prosperity...
“The exam was in Spanish and based on the Spanish educational system, with parts of it on Spanish literature, so it was very hard for overseas students to pass,” said Antonio de Castro Carpeño, dean of undergraduate studies at IE University, a private institution based in Segovia and Madrid.
On Tuesday, July 22, at 10:00 am ET the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard made a groundbreaking announcement: philanthropist Ted Stanley has made a commitment of $650 million to galvanize scientific research on psychiatric disorders and bring new treatments based on molecular understanding to hundreds of millions of people around the world.
The Stanley commitment – the largest ever in psychiatric research and among the largest for scientific research in general – will support research by a collaborative network of researchers within the Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research at the Broad Institute, a biomedical research institution that brings together faculty from MIT, Harvard University, the Harvard-affiliated hospitals, and collaborators worldwide...
The BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change, has been ranked second place in the Climate Think Tank Ranking, ahead of 293 public and private organisations working in the field of climate change economics and policy.
BC3 es un centro de investigación multidisciplinar que fue creado en 2008 en el marco del programa BERC del Gobierno Vasco y apoyado por la Universidad del País Vasco, con el objetivo de fomentar la excelencia en la investigación a largo plazo de las causas y consecuencias del cambio climático.
Singapore is pushing towards becoming the world’s first Smart Nation; one that is able to use technology to enhance transport, healthcare and other public services – that will improve the quality of life for individuals; productivity for businesses; and, enhanced Government services to better serve and empower citizens. The use of data sciences and analytics is at the heart of the Smart Nation. As Singapore moves to become a Smart Nation, data sciences and analytics professionals are needed by businesses, government and ICT companies to leverage exponential data growth for productivity, competitiveness and growth.
To complement the development of Singapore manpower for Data Sciences & Analytics, the Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore (IDA) will be piloting a Data Sciences training course with Coursera, a leader in providing Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) with high-quality learning content and accessibility to international participants. The pilot will tap on Coursera’s Data Sciences specialisation track that is provided by Johns Hopkins University.
...I hasten to disclose that as the principal inventor of the NuVal system...
But even among good systems, NuVal is a stand-out. A study conducted at McGill University, and now in press, shows how much more efficiently NuVal, using a single number, reliably informs more nutritious choices as compared to the confusing profile offered by a traffic light system. The higher the number, the more nutritious the food is hard to beat for simplicity.
NuVal does not penalize total fat. Rather, it scores particular fats on their particular merits. Monounsaturated fats and omega-3 polyunsaturates are rewarded. Trans fat is penalized quite harshly, as it deserves. And saturated fat is handled based not on the currently prevailing hype, but on the basis of the weight of scientific evidence.
Around 60 University of Oxford academics have used an open letter to demand the institution stops investing in fossil fuel companies.
Among the 64 signatories so far are Lord May of Oxford, former chief scientific adviser to the UK government and Gordon Clark, current director of the Oxford Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment.
Henry Shue, professor of politics and international relations at Oxford, and one of the letter’s signatories, said: “We at Oxford like to claim the mantle of intellectual leadership…here is our opportunity to display genuine leadership when it counts.”
“We know about housing bubbles. Now we have a carbon bubble, a bubble of unreal value. It is too risky to own shares in this bubble..."
Energy companies continue to search for new fossil fuels reserves, despite warnings from the IPCC that 80% of the reserves such companies have already claimed must never be used if dangerous climate tipping points are to be avoided.
The Fed study looked at the monetary value of a college degree, not its cost, which has soared in recent years. But the value certainly adds up. What’s the bottom line? Fed researchers write:
If we conservatively assume that the annual premium stays around $28,650, which is the premium 20 years after high school graduation for graduates in the 1990s–2000s, and accrues until the Social Security normal retirement age of 67, the college graduate would have made about $830,800 more than the high school graduate.
...Estimates suggest that 7.2 million students will be seeking tertiary education abroad by 2025...
1.2 Focus of this project This project reviews national government- funded outward mobility scholarship schemes in eleven countries (Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam) with the goal of better understanding why governments sponsor these programmes; how they are designed, administered, and funded; who participates and where they study; and what impact the programmes are having...
Bill Campbell '62 captained Columbia's Ivy League football champions and coached the Lions for six seasons before beginning a successful career in high-tech industry. Throughout his journey, he has never forgotten his roots — or his alma mater...
Harvard has become the first American university to sign on to a United Nations-backed code of responsible investment – in a move to assuage a carbon divestment campaign.
Six months after explicitly rejecting calls to divest from fossil fuels, managers of Harvard's $33bn endowment will now be guided by a set of investment principles taking into account environmental and social factors such as water and human rights, the university announced on Monday.
Google Chairman Eric Schmidt took a not-so-subtle swipe at tech critics who say that college is overrated. “There are various people who run around and make claims that higher education is not a good use of your time: they’re just wrong,” he told the audience at the SXSW conference, where he was on stage promoting his book The New Digital Age...