The BC3, Basque Centre for Climate Change, has been ranked second place in the Climate Think Tank Ranking, ahead of 293 public and private organisations working in the field of climate change economics and policy.
BC3 es un centro de investigación multidisciplinar que fue creado en 2008 en el marco del programa BERC del Gobierno Vasco y apoyado por la Universidad del País Vasco, con el objetivo de fomentar la excelencia en la investigación a largo plazo de las causas y consecuencias del cambio climático.
The London School of Economics and Political Science
Samuela Bassi and Dimitri Zenghelis
Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy
Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and
However, the case for lowering the ambition of climate change efforts, as a weakening of the Fourth Carbon Budget would imply, is not justified by competitiveness concerns, not least because of the negative impacts this would have on some of the economy’s fastest growing and most promising and innovative sectors. Uncertainty about the future climate policy framework could potentially cost jobs and affect growth, especially in the current macroeconomic environment. (end of paper)
July 14, 2014
Today, Gabriel Madirolas and Gonzalo De Polavieja at the Cajal Institute in Madrid, Spain, say they found a way to analyse the answers from a crowd which allows them to remove this kind of bias and so settle on a wiser answer.
The theory behind their work is straightforward. Their idea is that some people are more strongly influenced by additional information than others who are confident in their own opinion. So identifying these more strongly influenced people and separating them from the independent thinkers creates two different groups. The group of independent thinkers is then more likely to give a wise estimate. Or put another way, ignore the wisdom of the crowd in favour of the wisdom of the confident...
Ref: arxiv.org/abs/1406.7578 : Wisdom of the Confident: Using Social Interactions to Eliminate the Bias in Wisdom of the Crowds
Human groups can perform extraordinary accurate estimations compared to individuals by simply using the mean, median or geometric mean of the individual estimations [Galton 1907, Surowiecki 2005, Page 2008]. However, this is true only for some tasks and in general these collective estimations show strong biases. The method fails also when allowing for social interactions, which makes the collective estimation worse as individuals tend to converge to the biased result [Lorenz et al. 2011]. Here we show that there is a bright side of this apparently negative impact of social interactions into collective intelligence. We found that some individuals resist the social influence and, when using the median of this subgroup, we can eliminate the bias of the wisdom of the full crowd...
...I hasten to disclose that as the principal inventor of the NuVal system...
But even among good systems, NuVal is a stand-out. A study conducted at McGill University, and now in press, shows how much more efficiently NuVal, using a single number, reliably informs more nutritious choices as compared to the confusing profile offered by a traffic light system. The higher the number, the more nutritious the food is hard to beat for simplicity.
The data backing up the NuVal system are unique as well. It is the first and to date only nutrient profiling system shown to correlate directly with both the rate of total chronic disease, and all-cause mortality. In a Harvard study of over 100,000 people, higher average NuVal scores meant a lower likelihood of heart disease, diabetes, obesity, or dying prematurely from any cause over a 20-year period of observation.
NuVal does not penalize total fat. Rather, it scores particular fats on their particular merits. Monounsaturated fats and omega-3 polyunsaturates are rewarded. Trans fat is penalized quite harshly, as it deserves. And saturated fat is handled based not on the currently prevailing hype, but on the basis of the weight of scientific evidence.
Authors: Kock, Carl J. Santaló, Juan Diestre, Luis
Journal of Management Studies; May2012, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p492-514, 23p, 2 Charts
Abstract:We build on a stakeholder-agency theoretical perspective to explore the impact of particular corporate governance mechanisms on firm environmental performance. Our empirical evidence shows that several important corporate governance mechanisms such as the board of directors, managerial incentives, the market for corporate control, and the legal and regulatory system determine firms' environmental performance levels. These results suggest that these different governance mechanisms resolve, to some extent, the existing divergence of interests between stakeholders and managers with respect to environmental activities. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
pdf "Academic research that matters to managers: On zebras, dogs, lemmings, hammers and turnips"
ANITA M. M C GAHAN, University of Toronto, Academy of Management Journal 2007, Vol. 50, No. 4, 748–753
Conventional Wisdom Is Inaccurate and Misleading: Your Horse Is a Zebra, and Zebras Can’t Be Tamed
Fundamental Principles Are Changing: Your Dog Doesn’t Hunt Any More
Widely Accepted Current Practices Are Paradoxical or Problematic: We’re Like Lemmings Walking Off a Cliff Together
Theory Can Be Integrated to Explain a Challenging Situation: You’ve Got a Nail and a Hammer Can Be Assembled
A Single Issue or Case Is Iconic and Deserves Attention from Both Managers and Academics: You’ve Got a Medieval Turnip
"While many companies' dedication to social responsibility and sustainability are genuine, consumers should always take "greenwashing" (or "causewashing") into account — that is, when a company markets itself as charitable, only to draw in customers."
The interdisciplinary Tobin Project addresses real-world problems.
Doing that work well has come to involve a network of more than 400 scholars affiliated with 80 institutions, pursuing truly interdisciplinary research. “It’s a really amazing model,” says Poorvu family professor of management practice Arthur Segel, one of the organization’s founding board members. “With very little money, we’ve got hundreds of scholars doing research on important issues together.”
Yet that institutional innovation has proved to be far less challenging than the definition of worthwhile queries to pursue: large problems on which social scientists can engage each other productively, make meaningful discoveries, and shape both society and the future of research.
Today, the first (and, some would say, most important) step in any Tobin inquiry is the identification of good questions. ... Rather than pursue the original dozen fields, the project currently focuses on four areas:
Safeguarding this critical zone was the focus of a recent meeting in Beijing, where the National Science Foundation of China met with their counterparts in the US, UK, France and Germany. The aim was to develop an Apollo-scale programme to tackle the resource constraints that threaten to undermine global economic development...
We have 10 years because many solutions will take at least a decade to take effect, and because we have only 20 years before the perfect storm of food, water and energy shortages (Above document) makes landfall.
The first step must be to create a theory. This would literally be a map of all of the processes and interactions that matter for sustaining life, including the flow of energy, nutrients and water in the landscape; competition between animals, plant and humans for these resources; losses in the form of greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere; the role of soil in recycling nutrients; and the feedbacks between life and the physical environment including climate regulation and environmental engineering.
With such a map, scientists, businesses and decision-makers from all backgrounds can navigate and talk together. Each can see how their contributions and needs fit with those of others as the picture evolves.
Search on "Sitting is the new Smoking"
Crucially, exercising before or after work isn’t enough to counteract these effects – sitting all day is harmful no matter how fit and active you are.
...you could die earlier...
...50/50 sitting/standing up, recommended...
June 26, 2014
Professor Steve Bevan, director of the Centre for Workforce Effectiveness (Lancaster University) at the Work Foundation, explains that “the more sedentary you are the worse it is for your health.” Prolonged sitting has been linked to detrimental health effects and lost productivity in the work place. Research suggests that the human body is at its best when it is moving, not when it is spending 8 hours at a time in front of a computer screen.
It has also been noted that once symptoms of MKS do occur, both employers and employees are slow to react. A two-year trial in Madrid showed that by assessing and treating 13,000 workers with chronic back pain who had been off for five days or more, their temporary work absence was reduced by 39% in the long term. The Work Foundation estimates that more than 60,000 Britons would be available for work if the Madrid tactics were replicated in the UK.
Harvard Business Review blogs, Nilofer Merchant, January 14, 2013
'If trends continue, we are going to lose lots of species. But the paper is about ways to avoid that'
The world's plant and animal species are going extinct at a rate 1,000 to 10,000 times faster than they did before humans came along. If that continues, we could lose one-third to half of all species by the end of the century. A variety of birds, frogs, fish, mammals — gone.
Those grim statistics come from a big recent study in Science (30th May, 2014), led by Duke University biologist Stuart Pimm. The paper was the most comprehensive attempt yet to calculate a "death rate" for the world's species — an update on work first begun in 1995...
BP: So extinction rates are higher now that humans are around. Why? What are we doing?
If that continues — and continues for many decades — then by the end of the century we are going to lose one-third or one-half of all species. And that kind of loss in biological diversity hasn't been seen in 60 million years...
But what the paper is about mostly, is ways in which we can avoid that. So yes it's bad, but the paper is full of important news about how we can make a difference.
BP: Let's talk about that, then. What are ways to avoid — or at least mitigate — mass extinction.
...SP: Yes, it gives us a practical solution. What my NGO does, Saving Species, is we take our data and identify exactly where we think the most important fragments are. And then we raise money from Brazilian conservation groups to buy up the land between the fragments and reforest it. So we reconnect it — stitching habitat fragments to form much bigger habitats...
...SP: We do have an extraordinary piece of technology for surveying biodiversity — it's called a smartphone...
...SP: I'd say things like the Endangered Species Act and conservation biology have been very successful. Current extinction rates are high, but they'd likely be worse without the work of conservation biologists...
...A good example: Brazil used to be the third largest emitter of greenhouse-gas emissions from burning its forests. But with a bilateral agreement from the Norwegian government, Brazil has massively reduced its deforestation....
...We can map out where species are. We can also figure out where they're not likely to be because we've got increasingly good data on deforestation from Joe Sexton's research group at the University of Maryland...
June 12 2014
Patent reform advocates have long argued that "patent trolls"—companies that do nothing but sue over patents—are harmful to innovation, not just a plague on big companies. A new study attempted to find out if there's any real data behind that accusation or if it's just a few sad anecdotes.
Turns out there is a very real, and very negative, correlation between patent troll lawsuits and the venture capital funding that startups rely on. A just-released study [PDF] (46 pages) by Catherine Tucker, a professor of marketing at MIT's Sloan School of Business, finds that over the last five years, VC investment "would have likely been $21.772 billion higher... but for litigation brought by frequent litigators."
The study defines "frequent litigators" as companies that file 20 or more patent lawsuits, which limits the definition to true-blue "patent trolls," or Patent Assertion Entities (PAEs), the term used by the paper. The study covers the period from 1995 to 2012...
The figure reformers cited most often is the study by James Bessen and Michael Meurer, finding that trolls cost the US economy $29 billion in direct legal costs each year. That study is sometimes attacked by patent reform opponents because it's based in part on secret data provided by RPX, a defensive patent aggregator.
Tucker's study has the advantage of being based entirely on public information: the amount of patent litigation and the amount of VC funding are numbers that are known with certainty...
June 11, 2014, APA Center for Organizational Excellence
“Power in groups is traditionally conceptualized in reference to a rank ordering of individuals,” begins a paper in the April/May 2014 issue of the Academy of Management Journal, adding that “the prevailing wisdom is that stable power hierarchies promote more effective groups by providing order that helps facilitate collective decision-making.”
Research shatters the myth that social enterprises are more likely to fail than traditional start ups
...So I asked Professor Simon Denny, director of enterprise, development and social impact at Northampton University, to compare the longevity of FTSE 100 companies and the top social ventures.
Denny's research looked at the survival rates, for the period from 1984 until 2014, of the 100 top social enterprises and trading charities in comparison with the top 100 PLCs...
May 14, 2014
...At last, researchers at Cornell University have found the secret to eternal RTs, and the answer is, per their recent paper (PDF, 11 pages):
Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are described in the US Declaration of Independence as "inalienable rights." But while life and liberty are easily defined and accounted for in public policy, the pursuit of happiness is not as explicitly incorporated into the law.
Most people expected food prices to rise over time as California’s drought worsened earlier this year, but some goods will be impacted more than others.
Research from Timothy Richards, a professor of the W. P. Carey School of Business at Arizona State University, shows that vegetables like lettuce and avocados are likely to experience the most dramatic prices bumps.
California’s drought will push the price up on some items more so than others, including lettuce and avocados. Photo credit: stock.xchng/Arizona State University
...Richards says industry estimates range from a half-million to 1 million acres of agricultural land likely to be affected by the drought. He believes 10 to 20 percent of the supply of certain crops could be lost, and California is the biggest national supplier of several of those crops.
Arctic ice melt could release 1 trillion pieces of plastic into the sea in next decade, new report says. http://t.co/lnN7SazQz7— Jim Roberts (@nycjim) 28 Mai 2014
Mass production of plastic began in the 1940s, and by 2009 at least 230 million tons of plastic were produced each year – equivalent to the weight of a double-decker bus every two seconds.
bravo à @HenriVerdier pour être devenu aujourd'hui le premier Chief Data Officer de la nation France !— Gilles Babinet (@babgi) 21 Mai 2014
May 7, 2014
If you’ve been in the outsource industry for more than five minutes you probably know that buyer-seller relationships are, well, complicated. And just when you think you have the collaboration thing nailed, more complications can ensue.
Verónica H. Villena (assistant professor of supply chain, Pennsylvania State University), Elena Revilla (professor of operations, Instituto de Empresa Business School), and Thomas Y. Choi (professor of supply chain management at Arizona State University), in a 2010 Journal of Operations Management article, found that there’s both a bright and a dark side to highly collaborative relationships.
First: I want to say kudos to the trio for their work to define the term “social capital.” They define social capital as a value asset stemming from access to resources made available through social relationships across three dimensions: cognitive (e.g., shared culture and goals), relational (e.g., trust, friendship, respect, and reciprocity), and structural (e.g., social ties). Villena, Revilla and Choi show that each of these social capital components have the power to positively influence performance outcomes.
Their findings show:
Why stars matter?: Stars have direct impact on local economies. They can also indirectly affect growth in a po... http://t.co/L8nPjNA6l9— VoxEU.org (@voxeu) May 18, 2014
Ajay K. Agrawal, John McHale, Alexander Oettl, 18 May 2014
Stars have direct impact on local economies. They can also indirectly affect growth in a positive way. This column examines the effect of academic star arrivals on the departmental knowledge productivity. Department-level output increases by 54% after the arrival of the star. The post-arrival quality of the joiners is also positively affected, displaying an increase of 68%. These star effects are largest at mid-ranked institutions.
Research shows that reflecting after learning something new makes it stick in your brain.'
Two weeks ago, my oldest son taught my youngest son how to perform a corner kick during half time of my middle son’s soccer game. He demonstrated the correct way to swing the leg, angle the foot, and launch the ball toward the goal. When the referee blew his whistle, resuming the game, we moved to a spot of grass nearby. There, my little boy began to explain how to do the corner kick, recounting every detail absorbed during his older brother’s half-time tutorial. I nudged him to practice what he had learned, rather than talking about it—after all, he was at a soccer field, with a mother willing to fetch errant balls. But he preferred to articulate each key point he had just learned and teach me how to do it. I thought we were wasting time, but new research says his approach beats mine.
Learning is more effective if a lesson or experience is deliberately coupled with time spent thinking about what was just presented, a new study shows. In “Learning by Thinking: How Reflection Aids Performance,” a team of researchers from HEC Paris, Harvard Business School, and the University of North Carolina describe what they call the first empirical test of the effect of reflection on learning. By “reflection,” they mean taking time after a lesson to synthesize, abstract, or articulate the important points...
10 - Atlético de Madrid have won his 10th Spanish League after 18 years. Congratulations.— OptaJose (@OptaJose) 17 Mai 2014
8 - Eight of Atletico’s last 11 league goals have been headers, with six coming from corner situations. Strategy— OptaJose (@OptaJose) 17 Mai 2014
The Great American Recession resulted in the loss of eight million jobs between 2007 and 2009. More than four million homes were lost to foreclosures. Is it a coincidence that the United States witnessed a dramatic rise in household debt in the years before the recession—that the total amount of debt for American householdsdoubled between 2000 and 2007 to $14 trillion? Definitely not. Armed with clear and powerful evidence, Atif Mian and Amir Sufi reveal in House of Debt how the Great Recession and Great Depression, as well as the current economic malaise in Europe, were caused by a large run-up in household debt followed by a significantly large drop in household spending.
Though the banking crisis captured the public’s attention, Mian and Sufi argue strongly with actual data that current policy is too heavily biased toward protecting banks and creditors. Increasing the flow of credit, they show, is disastrously counterproductive when the fundamental problem is too much debt. As their research shows, excessive household debt leads to foreclosures, causing individuals to spend less and save more. Less spending means less demand ...
The Economist talks about our book in their latest issue. http://t.co/lbxsEezcco— Atif Mian (@AtifRMian) 15 Mai 2014
Christina D. Romer, former chair of the Council of Economic Advisers
“Mian and Sufi have produced some of the most important and compelling research on the impact of debt on consumer behavior during the recent housing bubble and bust. This excellent new book presents and expands this research in a rigorous, yet engaging and accessible way.”
“Atif Mian and Amir Sufi, our leading experts on the macroeconomic effects of private debt, have a new blog [www.houseofdebt.org]— and it has instantly become must reading.”
Kenneth Rogoff, Harvard University
“This is a profoundly important book that makes a huge range of serious empirical evidence on the financial crisis accessible to a broad readership. A compendium of Mian and Sufi’s own celebrated work would already be a spectacular contribution, but this book is so much more. Although the authors present all views in a balanced, scholarly way, their quiet insistence that we should have moved faster to write down household mortgages is well-reasoned and compelling.”
Carmen Reinhart, Harvard University
“Much has been written about the boom and subsequent bust that rocked the US economy during 2007–2009, but insightful and informed analysis is much rarer. This book is one of those rare gems. It offers an in-depth look at the state of housing, consumer credit, household incomes, and debt around the crisis and presents an informed discussion about its causes and consequences. The analysis of crisis resolution has resonance, not only for the United States, but for the many countries that are still entangled in severe financial difficulties.”
Lord Adair Turner, former chair, Financial Services Authority
“House of Debt is a very important book, reaching beyond surface explanations of the Great Recession to identify the fundamental cause—excessive private debt built up in the pre-crisis boom years. It combines meticulous empirical research with an ability to see the big picture. Its message needs to be heeded and its proposals for reform seriously considered if we are to avoid repeating in future the mistakes of the past.”
Tuck School of Business
Ross School of Business
University of Michigan
Stanford Graduate School of Business
Tuck School of Business
Darden School of Business
University of Virginia
Carlson School of Management
University of Minnesota
Harvard Business School
Olin Business School
Washington University in St. Louis
Happy to be on the Editorial Review Board of the new journal Strategy Science. 1st issue coming in 2015. Submit! http://t.co/7S0PIaW0vy— Dan Elfenbein (@OrgStratProf) April 1, 2014
Are leaders born or bred? The question was recently put to 400 Canadian CEOs and senior executives by Julian Barling, professor of organizational behaviour and the Borden Chair of Leadership at Queen’s School of Business in Kingston.
The leaders were also asked about gender equality in the upper echelons of corporate Canada and what skills and abilities today’s business executives ought to possess. Their answers were surprising and, in some respects, disappointing...+
What does it take to be a good leader? We talk to a business professor who's devoted his career to studying the boss http://t.co/gX8KsF3WL8— Julian Barling (@JulianBarling) March 26, 2014
"Who’s Got Those Top Jobs?" (Harvard Business Review, March 2014) by Peter Cappelli (Wharton), Monika Hamori (IE), and Rocio Bonet (IE).
(Video Published on 11 Feb. 2014 ("Advice to young managers" at 5m12))
Peter Cappelli is the George W. Taylor Professor of Management at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School and the director of its Center for Human Resources.
Monika Hamori is a professor of human resource management, and Rocio Bonet is an assistant professor of human resource management, at the IE Business School, in Madrid. Prof. Hamori's work was published in Organization Science, the Academy of Management Annals, the Academy of Management Perspectives and Human Resource Management, among others.
...Over the past 30 years we've seen executives' education levels rise. About 65% of the leaders in 2011 held graduate degrees, compared with 62% in 2001 and 46% in 1980. Companies with the most MBAs in their senior ranks included Sears (75%), Sunoco (70%), and Disney (63%)...
Economist.com - whichmba - "A bumpy road to the top", 24th Feb. 2014
Aspiring MBAs may well ask: how do they get to the chief executive’s seat, and what kind of career bumps can they expect along the way?...
HBR (July 2010) article by Monika Hamori, "Managing Yourself: Job-Hopping to the Top and Other Career Fallacies"
Video May 2009, Dr Rocio Bonet speaks about the effect that MBA Rankings have on graduates' careers: "Career advancement of MBA graduates - IE Professors Talk".
No blocking research data, please http://t.co/WvuCuxM7vI— Susana Borras (@SusanaBorras) March 11, 2014
Final non paper The European Parliament and the European Council are currently debating a new legislation about data protection. In the aftermath of Snowden’s affair and in the dawn of the big data era, there is currently a tendency in the political debate towards maximizing personal protection. This is indeed an important matter, and a necessary debate. Individual persons’ data protection is crucial, and the legislation must protect individual citizens. However the debate needs to be rebalanced a bit, because an obsessive and excessive individual data protection might end up harming the individuals and societies in unexpected ways.
This is the case of research data that is linked to civil register data. This type of data is mostly used for medical research. The Scandinavian countries have traditionally had a very comprehensive civil register data about their citizens. This data is combined with quite extensive medical data on these citizens, which comes typically from biobanks (tissue, blood, cancer tumor, etc). The scientific benefits of this data are undeniable. Several examples can be seen in a recent Danish non-paper.
The massive amount of individual citizens used in this type of research data makes virtually impossible to ask for individual consent to each of these persons. The size of the data is precisely what makes this data scientifically relevant and valuable. For that reason, the Scandinavian countries current legal framework does not request individual consent, but secures personal data protection through other legal mechanisms. These mechanisms are: a strict regulatory framework about the conditions under which the data can be used, an authorization and monitoring system that controls effectively this use, and a high level of law enforcement in these countries with an effective judicial system.
Members of the European Council and of the European Parliament must acknowledge the risk of enforcing a “one-size-fits-all” requirement of individual consent throughout Europe and throughout all types of data. The risk is actually killing an indispensable source of large-scale data for medical research that has put Europe at the forefront of medical scientific successes worldwide.
There are many types of data. And there are many ways and purposes for using data. Do not block research data, please.
In the wake of the crisis in Ukraine, CEPS fellow Julian Wieczorkiewicz was interviewed by the Wall Street... http://t.co/F6ouZQ2IOl— CEPS (@CEPS_thinktank) March 17, 2014
...However, highlighting how injustice can be redressed through purchases enhances fair-trade support under conditions of high need. The effects are moderated by justice sensitivity factors, such as just-world beliefs and whether the product type (indulgence vs. necessity) makes the injustice of consumer privilege salient. The results suggest that communicating high need when requesting consumer prosocial actions can sometimes backfire. Marketers employing high need appeals should heighten perceptions of justice restoration potential and activate fairness-related thoughts through product positioning to encourage fair-trade purchases....
17 March 2014, 19.00
Munich City Hilton
These Masterclasess are your opportunity to experience the sort of teaching our students enjoy on our MSc programmes taught in London.
— Rhiannon MacDonnell (@Rhiannon) February 14, 2014
Newton's List is an online clearinghouse offering funding opportunities for researchers, students and educators seeking global scientific collaborations. It was launched last year by the US National Science Foundation and CRDF Global, an independent, non-profit organisation promoting international scientific and technical collaboration through grants, technical resources and training...
User-driven and open to researchers and students from around the globe, Newton's List is designed to enhance the quality and impact of international scientific research by providing grant-seekers with easier access to funding opportunities in the natural sciences, engineering, STEM education and the social sciences - all in a single location...
Newton's List provides a free tool for non-profit funding agencies, universities and industry to reach a broader community, maximising their potential to attract innovative international research.
1448 Views, 2 weeks ago, 49:55
Study findings can’t help policymakers & business leaders make decisions if the results aren’t in the public domain— Stanford Business (@StanfordBiz)
Sociologists routinely report that their papers are stuck in the review process for 2-3 years, says Prof. Sarah Soule — Stanford Business (@StanfordBiz)
The long publishing window for existing research journals slows down both science production & the use of results — Stanford Business (@StanfordBiz)
A non-profit open access general interest sociology journal offering up-or-down review in about 30 days. sociologicalscience.com
If you like the papers at Sociological Science, why not submit? Decisions in < 30 days, no R&Rs, peer review. http://t.co/uXuHsD94jy— Sociological Science (@SociologicalSci) February 27, 2014
Q: The book officially comes out in one week. What do you think I should be doing to excite new audiences & get more people to buy the book?— danah boyd (@zephoria) February 17, 2014
Teppo Felin, Todd R. Zengerb
Scholars have recently highlighted the promise of open innovation. In this paper, we treat open innovation—in it's different forms and manifestations—as well as internal or closed innovation, as unique governance forms with different benefits and costs. We discuss how each governance form, whether open or closed, is composed of a set of instruments that access (a) different types of communication channels for knowledge sharing, (b) different types of incentives, and (c) different types of property rights for appropriating value from innovation. We focus on the innovation “problem” as the central unit of analysis, arguing for a match between problem types and governance forms, which vary from open to closed and which support alternative forms of solution search. In all, the goal of this paper is to provide a comparative framework for managing innovation, where we delineate and discuss four categories of open innovation governance forms (markets, partnerships, contests and tournaments and user or community innovation) and compare them with each other and with two internal or closed forms of innovation governance (authority and consensus-based hierarchy).
February 5, 2014, blog.twitter.com/2014/introducing-twitter-data-grants
Today we’re introducing a pilot project we’re calling Twitter Data Grants, through which we’ll give a handful of research institutions access to our public and historical data.
With more than 500 million Tweets a day, Twitter has an expansive set of data from which we can glean insights and learn about a variety of topics, from health-related information such as when and where the flu may hit to global events like ringing in the new year. To date, it has been challenging for researchers outside the company who are tackling big questions to collaborate with us to access our public, historical data. Our Data Grants program aims to change that by connecting research institutions and academics with the data they need.
Submit a proposal for consideration to our Twitter Data Grants pilot program by March 15.
The European Council of Academies of Applied Sciences, Technologies and Engineering is an independent non-profit organisation of national academies of Engineering, Applied Sciences and Technology from 21 European countries. It was founded in 1992 upon French initiative by the members of CADAS (Conseil pour les Applications de l’Académie des Sciences). The Executive Committee meets four times a year. The Board meets twice a year. Euro-CASE acts as a permanent forum for exchange and consultation between European Institutions, Industry and Research.
Through its Member academies, Euro-CASE has access to top expertise (around 6,000 experts) and provides impartial, independent and balanced advice on technological issues with a clear European dimension to European Institutions, national Governments, companies and organisations.
Low-cost imports made by global firms using illegal software have drained $240 billion in revenue
01/30/14 - Today, the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) unveiled a study by Bill Kerr, associate professor at Harvard Business School, and Chad Moutray, chief economist for the NAM, finding that unfair competition fueled by stolen software is a significant drain on manufacturing in the U.S. Estimated losses between 2002 and 2012 totaled nearly $240 billion in manufacturing revenue, $70 billion in GDP and 42,220 U.S. manufacturing jobs.
The study, unveiled during a panel discussion at NAM headquarters, is among the first to prove that stolen software use damages sectors of the U.S. economy beyond the software sector. “The startling losses manufacturers have suffered in the last decade due to intellectual property (IP) theft should jumpstart action by our policymakers and law enforcement officials,” said NAM President and CEO Jay Timmons. “It’s absolutely clear that the effects of IP theft overseas are significantly felt here at home, threatening jobs, investment and growth...
...Then, however, a clever PhD student from the University of Toronto – Laurina Zhang – spotted a golden opportunity to do some truly illuminating research. The fact that EMI removed DRM some time before the other three record companies, created what researchers excitedly call “a natural experiment.”...