Giving a major boost to Open Science in Europe, the Commission today presented its blueprint for cloud-based services and world-class data infrastructure to ensure science, business and public services reap benefits of big data revolution.
By bolstering and interconnecting existing research infrastructure, the Commission plans to create a new European Open Science Cloud that will offer Europe's 1.7 million researchers and 70 million science and technology professionals a virtual environment to store, share and re-use their data across disciplines and borders. This will be underpinned by the European Data Infrastructure, deploying the high-bandwidth networks, large scale storage facilities and super-computer capacity necessary to effectively access and process large datasets stored in the cloud...
— European Commission (@EU_Commission) April 19, 2016
Our work suggests to long-term investors that we would be better off in a low-carbon world,” said Prof Simon Dietz of the London School of Economics, the lead author of the study. “Pension funds should be getting on top of this issue, and many of them are.” He said, however, that awareness in the financial sector was low.
report, National Academies..,1 time scientists 2 integrate all the info allow them to link weather to climate change https://t.co/g4yxFdOvYE— BizDeansTalk (@BizDeansTalk) April 4, 2016
What Is Driving the Green Revolution in Chile?https://t.co/eBjkqFsgV4 April 4,16 Latam huge potential for integration among countries 3m51— BizDeansTalk (@BizDeansTalk) April 4, 2016
Quinn's game-changing breaktru means a €50/year heating&electricity bill in newly built German green social housing https://t.co/HBWLFp3xUZ— BizDeansTalk (@BizDeansTalk) April 4, 2016
The ‘2°C capital stock’ for electricity generation will be reached by 2017 on current trends (Revised 16 February 2016)
Paper: The ‘2°C capital stock’ for electricity generation: Committed cumulative carbon emissions from the electricity generation sector and the transition to a green economy
Industrial & Commercial Bank of China reviews its lending criteria in light of country's new environmental policies https://t.co/dCBWT6oME6— CISL_Cambridge (@cisl_cambridge) March 29, 2016
Report: The Money Wasted On Stranded Coal Assets Could End World Energy Poverty— BizDeansTalk (@BizDeansTalk) March 31, 2016
via a prof of Econ Peking Un
"How predictable is technological progress?" Research Policy Apr, Moore’s Law.Oxford's Doyne Farmer&Francois Lafond https://t.co/frHMpJsbiV— BizDeansTalk (@BizDeansTalk) March 29, 2016
As a practical demonstration we make distributional forecasts at different time horizons for solar photovoltaic modules, and show how our method can be used to estimate the probability that a given technology will outperform another technology at a given point in the future.
Juan Pablo Vázquez Sampere (IE), Martin J. Bienenstock, and Ezra W. Zuckerman
“How Useful Is the Theory of Disruptive Innovation?” was the question raised by an article in the fall 2015 issue of MIT Sloan Management Review. In this issue, several more experts weigh in on the topic.
Prof & Dean Ian P. McCarthy– nice to be at no8 The top Science Direct research papers across all academic areas— BizDeansTalk (@BizDeansTalk) March 14, 2016
A bacterium that degrades and assimilates poly(ethylene terephthalate) (plastic) March 11 Kyoto University, https://t.co/COcHF9d9sA— BizDeansTalk (@BizDeansTalk) March 12, 2016
via El País, marzo 10, “Descubierta una bacteria capaz de comerse un plástico muy común”https://t.co/XmLBDTqaiD— BizDeansTalk (@BizDeansTalk) March 12, 2016
“The 30% Club: How women have taken on the old boys’ network” FT -are now taking their campaign global https://t.co/My5PWI03K4— BizDeansTalk (@BizDeansTalk) December 11, 2015
"Sir Richard Branson: Formula E will be bigger than F1 by 2020", www.espn.co.uk/f1/story/_/id/13158623/sir-richard-branson-says-formula-e-bigger-f1-2020 , 27/6/2015(see video of Formula E racing coverage below)
Demographics expert encourages businesses to embrace immigration and accommodate a multigenerational workplace: https://t.co/MRS1BPpZJH— Ideas for Leaders (@Ideas4Leaders) November 12, 2015
While demographics are never stationary, the demographic changes currently impacting the United States are transforming the country, with fundamental implications for how Americans live and work and how businesses in America can thrive.
According to Jim Johnson of University of North Carolina’s Kenan-Flagler Business School, the major demographic trends transforming America today are unprecedented — so unprecedented that he calls these trends “disruptive demographics.” Based on on-going analyses of statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor, Internal Revenue Service and other governmental agencies, Johnson, who is a professor of strategy and entrepreneurship at Kenan-Flagler, identified six disruptive demographic trends that will have an impact on business strategy and the workplace:
13 Nov 2015
VIEWPOINT: According to a leading European ‘think tank’, tight immigration laws are linked to making countries less competitive. IMD professor Arturo Bris and senior economist José Caballero comment on these findings:
With floods of migrants pouring out of the Middle East and a simmering debate about immigration in Europe, politicians and the public should make sure not to throw the baby out with the bath water when formulating policies. Immigration can have some very positive effects and one of our recent IMD Competitiveness Center studies backs this up.
Competitiveness greatly depends on the extent to which governments facilitate an environment conducive to business. One key indicator is the impact of immigration laws; that is, whether or not immigration laws curtail the ability of enterprises to conduct their activities effectively.
A large survey of senior executives, carried out for the IMD World Competitiveness Center’s recently released IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook, shows that decision-makers at companies view nations with strict immigration regulation as less competitive and lower on talent...
Robin J. Ely - HBS Prof of Business Administration and Senior Associate Dean for Culture and Community (Talent Award - thinkers50.com/t50-awards/awards-2015)
This paper argues that learning in cross-race interactions is critical for work teams to realize performance benefits from racial diversity but that diversity is a liability when society's negative stereotypes about racial minorities' competence inhibit such interactions. We analyze two years of data from 496 retail bank branches to investigate racial asymmetries in the dynamics of team learning and their impact on the link between diversity and bottom-line performance. As expected, minorities' negative assessments of their team's learning environment precipitate a negative relationship between diversity and performance, irrespective of white teammates' assessments; only when both groups view the team's learning environment as supportive-implying that the team has successfully countered the negative effects of societal stereotypes on cross-race learning-is the relationship positive. We conclude that acknowledging the impact of societal asymmetries between racial groups, especially in regard to learning, can reorient research about the link between identity-group-based diversity and performance.
Growing Global Executives: The New Competencies
(www.talentinnovation.org/publication.cfm?publication=1490), by critically-acclaimed author Sylvia Ann Hewlett, and global workplace expert Ripa Rashid, provides a robust leadership template for multinational corporations (MNCs) seeking to globalize their top talent. With global markets shifting to the South and East, multinational companies can no longer afford to depend on ex-pat executives as local proxies.
This new research, based on a 11-country study of highly qualified employees (in Brazil, China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Turkey, the US, and the UK.), finds that emerging leaders are in want of two core competencies: the ability to calibrate their leadership presence to project credibility to superiors at headquarters as well as stakeholders worldwide; and the ability to unlock value from globally dispersed and culturally diverse teams through inclusive leadership. These competencies depend, in turn, on mastery of the virtual communication toolkit, in a world where leadership is increasingly exercised remotely; and on leveraging the sponsorship of senior management.
Please note: In addition to Amazon US, this book can be purchased at Amazon Canada, Amazon France, Amazon Germany, and Rare Bird Books. Warmest thanks to @Cisco and @FTIECLA for helping us launch our new research, Growing Global Executives: The New Competencies today!
— TalentInnovation (@TalentInnovate) October 29, 2015
28 October 2015
We asked researchers to rate the level of comfort they would feel with different models of peer review (single-blind, double-blind, open, open and published, and post-publication) being applied to their work. Double-blind came out top across all disciplines for authors, reviewers and editors.
Elaine Devine works for the Taylor and Francis Group, which published the white paper Peer Review in 2015: a global view .
Insights from a report into peer review: improvements needed but there are mixed views on new models https://t.co/tBSUgB5gWZ— Higher Education (@GdnHigherEd) October 28, 2015
The objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgement: "professors often find it difficult to encourage critical thinking among their students")
October 20, 2015
Authors: Christopher R. Huber and Nathan R. Kuncel, both of the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities
Publication: Review of Educational Research, a journal of the American Educational Research Association
Summary: Educators, policy makers, and employers all want colleges to teach students critical-thinking skills, but are colleges succeeding in doing so? To answer that question, the study’s authors analyzed 71 research reports published over the past 48 years.
Their conclusion: Yes, despite arguments to the contrary, students’ critical-thinking skills do improve in college
RESEARCH: A new UK industry Index reveals that large businesses with best-in-class processes for investing in people outperform their sector peers by more than double on key performance indicators for growth in market share, profitability and sustainability.
The findings come from research by a consortium of experts in Competency and Capability Management (CCM), which is currently working with the Cabinet Office and local government to improve delivery of large projects. The CCM Index measures individual organizations against their sector peers and sector versus sector. The index is based on interviews with senior executives and analysis of correlations between corporate KPIs, sophistication of competency management and investment in competency management.
The most important paper in cognitive neuroscience in many years: How does the brain represent who did what to whom? http://t.co/Gjca72rnms— Steven Pinker (@sapinker) September 27, 2015
Magazine: Fall 2015, Research Feature, September 15, 2015 Sloanreview.mit.edu/article/what-high-potential-young-managers-want/
Today’s talented young professionals have a different approach to their careers — and a very different attitude toward organizational loyalty — than earlier generations. Here’s what you need to know to retain and develop this generation of young managers.
Our surveys and interviews capture a highly skilled segment of the labor force. In one of the samples, all respondents are graduates of MBA (Master of Business Administration) programs. In the other sample, 96% have at least a master’s degree
We conducted a qualitative study of Nokia to understand its rapid downfall over the 2005–2010 period from its position as a world-dominant and innovative technology organization. We found that top and middle managers’ shared emotions during the smartphone innovation process caused cycles of behaviors that harmed both the process and its outcome. Together, organizational attention structures and historical factors generated various types of shared fear among top and middle managers. Top managers were afraid of external competitors and shareholders, while middle managers were mainly afraid of internal groups, including superiors and peers. Top managers’ externally focused fear led them to exert pressure on middle managers without fully revealing the severity of the external threats and to interpret middle managers’ communications in biased ways. Middle managers’ internally focused fear reduced their tendency to share negative information with top managers, leading top managers to develop an overly optimistic perception of their organization’s technological capabilities and neglect long-term investments in developing innovation. Our study contributes to the attention-based view of the firm by describing how distributed attention structures influence shared emotions and how such shared emotions can hinder the subsequent integration of attention, influencing innovation processes and outcomes and resulting in temporal myopia—a focus on short-term product innovation at the expense of long-term innovation development.
EUIMA “Collaborative research” was a two-year project which contributed to the development of monitoring tools and indicators for the assessment of university-based collaborative research. In addition, the project aimed at identifying the necessary requirements and adjustments that universities needed to make in terms of human resource profiles (researchers, managers, etc.) to take forward and support the development of collaborative research and increase the attractiveness of university careers, both in research and in managing the partnership.
The project built on experience from previous and current EUA work looking at building strong relationships between universities and industry for doctoral education and the professional insertion of PhD holders (DOC-CAREERS & the current project DOC-CAREERS II) as well as at the exchange of best practice in collaborative research through the Responsible Partnering Initiative. Following the EUA study “Regions of Knowledge”, the project also addressed the specificities of regional contexts.
The EUIMA Collaborative Research Final Project Report:
The two EUIMA Collaborative Research Project Papers:
Stephan Seiler: Can Hospital Competition Save Lives? http://t.co/rsugN6UJe8— COSTAS ANDRIOPOULOS (@candriopoulos) June 21, 2015
...Lying on the operating table, they are probably not thinking about how market forces have shaped the performance of their medical team.
They should be. A recent study co-authored by Nicholas Bloom and Stephan Seiler, professors at Stanford University, demonstrates that competition among hospitals significantly improves management and quality of care. “If you live in a remote area with only one hospital nearby, you should be worried,” says Bloom. “Without competition, what’s keeping it on its toes?”...
To conduct the study, the researchers — who also included Carol Propper from Imperial College Business School and John Van Reenen from the London School of Economics — looked at counties in the United Kingdom featuring relatively large numbers of hospitals...
Mes pauvres enfants, le Nutella "destructeur" ! http://t.co/lNOABOo4ZM— Thomas Froehlicher (@FroehlicherT) June 16, 2015
Et si le fabriquant jure qu'elle est «certifiée durable», la fondation de Nicolas Hulot rappelle que l'huile de palme «est à l'origine de 90% de la déforestation en Malaisie»
Environmental impact of palm oil (Wikipedia) ...Significant greenhouse gas emissions. Deforestation, mainly in tropical areas, accounts for up to one-third of total anthropogenic CO2 emissions... ...responsible for over 80% (~88%) of world oil palm production, Indonesia and Malaysia... ...In 2010, the Nature Conservancy took representatives of America’s National Farmers Union and the American Farmland Trust to Brazil to see how illegal forest clearance was "hurting US businesses by flooding markets with cheap and unsustainable products". A new (2010) report from David Gardiner & Associates (Mr. Gardiner served as the Executive Director of the White House Climate Change Task Force during the Clinton Administration), a consultancy, says that protecting the 13,000,000 hectares (50,000 sq mi) of mostly tropical forest that are lost annually to timber, cattle and agricultural production would boost American agricultural revenue by as much as USD$190 billion-270 billion between 2012 and 2030. (PDF, 56 pages, "Farms Here, Forests there" (see page 20 Palm Oil Modeling Results: potential $USD 40B savings))
Conclusion of "Farms Here, Forests there"
Conserving tropical rainforests generates significant financial gains and savings for the U.S. agriculture and timber industries, while also increasing opportunities for residents of rainforest nations.
Nestlé Media statement, on their website: "Update on deforestation and palm oil. Nestlé is committed to communicating regularly on progress, including holding regular meetings with Greenpeace (report "Frying the Forest")...
Taking action with our suppliers
The supply chain of palm oil is very complex and there are no quick and easy solutions. We have conducted an in depth analysis of our supply chain in order to create transparency and detailed action plans. Read more about the complexity of the palm oil supply chain in the RSPO Supply Chain Systems Overview (pdf, 3.95Mb)..."
In response to the urgent and pressing global call for sustainably produced palm oil, the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) was formed in 2004 with the objective promoting the growth and use of sustainable oil palm products through credible global standards and engagement of stakeholders. The seat of the association is in Zurich, Switzerland, while the secretariat is currently based in Kuala Lumpur with a satellite office in Jakarta. RSPO is a not-for-profit association that unites stakeholders from seven sectors of the palm oil industry - oil palm producers, palm oil processors or traders, consumer goods manufacturers, retailers, banks and investors, environmental or nature conservation NGOs and social or developmental NGOs - to develop and implement global standards for sustainable palm oil...
What is the Scorecard?
The Palm Oil Buyers’ Scorecard 2011 measures the performance of 132 major retailers and consumer goods manufacturers against 4 areas which show whether these companies are acting responsibly.
The Scorecard focuses on European companies, since they are leading the way in transforming the market for palm oil, and were the first to commit to the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). However, it also looks at other markets such as Australia and Japan where some progress is being made.
...In 2008 Unilever, an RSPO member, committed to use only palm oil which is certified as sustainable, by ensuring that the large companies and smallholders that supply it convert to sustainable production by 2015. ...As of 2009, twelve companies including giant retailer X, tied for worst, scoring 0.
Research from Melbourne Business School (MBS) has found that if a product clearly reflects factors which impact ethical consumerism on its label, consumers will favour that product over others.
As a result of her research in this area, MBS Professor Jill Klein is calling for manufacturers to improve their labeling to provide consumers with a more informed choice and to increase sales.
Professor Klein based her research on a series of experiments performed at the Melbourne Zoo between April and June last year. Zoo visitors were asked to select between a food product that did not contain the orangutan-unfriendly palm oil and a virtually equivalent alternative that contained vegetable oil...
It is technically and economically feasible to run the US economy entirely on renewable energy, and to do so by 2050. That is the conclusion of a new study in the journal Energy & Environmental Science, authored by Stanford scholar Mark Z. Jacobson and nine colleagues.
Jacobson is well-known for his ambitious and controversial work on renewable energy. In 2011 he published, with Mark A. Delucchi, a two-part paper (one, two) on "providing all global energy with wind, water, and solar power." In 2013 he published a feasibility study on moving New York state entirely to renewables, and in 2014 he created a road map for California to do the same...
A more effective use of activists’ energy, Mr. Wolak (Dir..@Stanford) and Mr. Stavins (Dir..@Harvard) said, would be to work on putting a price on carbon emissions through a carbon tax or a cap-and-trade system. (versus Divestment campaigns etc.)
The most exhaustive study on the subject was conducted by researchers at Oxford, Mr. Caldecott among them. Their report, published in late 2013, examined previous divestment movements — like those against the government of South Africa in protest of apartheid, and against companies that sell tobacco, alcohol or pornography.
That’s largely because most energy company stock is held by big institutional investors like BlackRock and Fidelity, whose managers are unlikely to use their portfolios to advance moral or social agendas.
Divestment in itself is neither here nor there,” Atif Ansar, one of the study’s authors and a professor at Saïd Business School at Oxford, said in an interview. “On its own, it’s not going to generate any real impact.”
The Oxford researchers found that the negative publicity can create reputational headaches.
“It becomes much harder for stigmatized businesses to recruit good people, to influence policy and, occasionally, to raise capital,” Mr. Caldecott said.
A more effective use of activists’ energy, Mr. Wolak and Mr. Stavins said, would be to work on putting a price on carbon emissions through a carbon tax or a cap-and-trade system.
A more effective use of activists’ energy, Mr. Wolak and Mr. Stavins said, would be to work on putting a price on carbon emissions through a carbon tax or a cap-and-trade system.
Researchers found that most CEOs’ work was conducted verbally and was accomplished with and through other people. http://t.co/y80etizslZ— MITSloan Mgmt Review (@mitsmr) June 14, 2015
ICTA research leader in artificial intelligence, Professor Toby Walsh, says Watson is well suited to solving problems that involve sifting through large volumes of unstructured data.
As the volume of data available to humans increases, he says tools like Watson will be essential for helping make sense of it all. An early application of Watson is in helping clinicians make better decisions.
“The number of scientific papers being written is beyond the remit of any one person to read any more, and often it is unstructured text,” Walsh says.
One of the first Australian organisations to sign up to Watson is Victoria’s Deakin University. Chief digital officer, William Confalonieri, says the university is using Watson initially to create an intelligent digital guide for students. Deakin has received the highest ranking of any Victorian university for learning satisfaction for the past four years, and Confalonieri says the use of Watson is intended to cement this...
How does Watson learn? Watson gets smarter by tracking feedback from its users and applying that knowledge. http://t.co/up2UJSQdly— IBM Watson (@IBMWatson) June 2, 2015
Preparing for our #FoW2015 Champions' Event in London. We'll be talking about the next three research themes, including the Future of HR.— Lynda Gratton (@lyndagratton) June 9, 2015
Work that is valuable both now and as a hedge against the future has three crucial elements:
My new blog is about the most valuable asset a company can offer its staff. We need to think about it in a new way. http://t.co/hMfIcnL9Mp— Lynda Gratton (@lyndagratton) June 2, 2015
Masterclass debate: "Computers will make better decisions than humans" are you For or Against? #FoW2015— FoWlab (@FoWlab) April 28, 2015