Fons Trompenaars is one of the world's leading experts on cross-cultural communication and international management. Together with long-time collaborator Charles Hampden-Turner, Trompenaars developed a model of national cultures based on seven dimensions: universalism vs. particularism; individualism vs. collectivism; neutral vs. emotional; specific vs. diffuse; achievement vs. ascription; sequential vs. synchronic; and internal vs. external control.
The model, developed after extensive research across over 60 cultures and 100.000 managers, helps explain how people in different national cultures interact with each other in general and in business.
Trompenaars is the author of the award winning Riding the Waves of Culture, Understanding Cultural Diversity in Business (1994). With Charles Hampden-Turner, he also wrote Seven Cultures of Capitalism; Building Cross-Cultural Competence; and 21 Leaders for the 21st Century.
In 2009, Trompenaars published Innovating in a Global Crisis: Riding the Whirlwind of Recession, a different take on creativity and innovation, also written with Hampden-Turner. The book looks at how innovation is central to sustained growth.